Although from country to country there are slight differences in advanced electronic signatures regulation, four common denominators emerge:
.ID signatures comply with all of those requirements
eIDAS oversees electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the European Union's internal market.
It regulates electronic signatures, electronic transactions, involved bodies, and their embedding processes to provide a safe way for users to conduct business online.
Following Article 25 (1) of the eIDAS regulation, an advanced electronic signature shall “not be denied legal effect and admissibility as evidence in legal proceedings".
The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA) is a United States law which purpose is to harmonize state laws concerning retention of paper records (especially checks) and the validity of electronic signatures.
The Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (ESIGN) is a United States federal law passed by the U.S. Congress to facilitate the use of electronic records and electronic signatures in interstate and foreign commerce by ensuring the validity and legal effect of contracts entered into electronically.
Since the Brexit, the status of the eIDAS in the UK is a bit unclear. However, Electronic Communications Act 2000 Part II clarifies the general status of the electronic signatures as following:
/.../ In any legal proceedings—
(a)an electronic signature incorporated into or logically associated with a particular electronic communication or particular electronic data, and
(b)the certification by any person of such a signature, shall each be admissible in evidence in relation to any question as to the authenticity of the communication or data or as to the integrity of the communication or data.
Not all electronic signatures are digital signatures. .ID signatures are digital signatures, because they are based on the cryptography to provide a proof of authenticity, data integrity and non-repudiation of signed documents.